(Lit. The Trees of the Dryads)
Laes Zedris Meliady
/laɪːs zɛdɾis mɛliadɨ/
(Lit. The Old Trees of the Meliad)
The Classical Dryadic language was a language spoken by the native, humanoid inhabitants of Planet Eunomia approximately between the years 1000 BFC (≈1400 CE)1 and 200 BFC (≈1950 CE), before eventually developing into the early modern language variants, such as Middle Meliadic Dryadic, by the second century BFC. The extent of the language encompassed much of the dryads’ domain2, becoming the central language in the Golden Age of the dryads and the dominate uniting force of the Meliadic Clan, subjugating most of the other more diverse dryadic languages spoken in the area. A clear divide, however, existed between speakers west of the Sphurathic Mountains and speakers to the east. The east, centered around the forest of Asympusht and home to the Meliat Clan, formed the basis for standardized writing and maintained itself as the primary written language of the dryads up until the modern spelling reformations of 96 AFC (2182 CE). It is still used in religious texts and literature from the classical period. The western variants, however, varied greatly as they had taken in great influences from the previous languages spoken by the dryadic tribes in that area. Very few texts survive that portray the spoken western variants of Classical Dryadic using the standardized eastern orthography to convey its sounds, usually in informal contexts such as personal letters or drawings of short messages in the dirt.
Much of what we know about Classical Dryadic comes from analyzing documents left over from the classical period and comparative methods using the modern Dryadic languages and the languages spoken around the beginning of the first century AFC. The written form of the language can still be seen in religious texts decorating the walls and ceilings of Dryadic temples, and it is still studied in Eunomic schools by both dryads and humans. Classical Dryadic is often compared to the use of Latin and Greek in Europe prior to antiquity and well into modern years. 1 BFC (meaning “Before First Contact”) is a calendar era using Eunomic years to record the date based on the arrival of humans to the planet Eunomia, its adverse being AFC (or “After First Contact”). In parenthesis is the approximate equivalent in accordance with Earth years and the Earth calendar. 2 The biology of dryads, unlike humans, prevent them from living outside of specific environments, and, prior to first contact, there was never incentive for them to populate their entire planet and migrate; thus, the dryadic domain and the diversity among dryads are not as grand as they are for humans on Earth.
Classical Dryadic is often typologically categorized as an agglutinative language. It can also be classified as slightly fusional. Its morphosyntactic alignment is ergative-absolutive; however, unlike most other known ergative-absolutive languages where the absolutive case remains unmarked, in Classical Dryadic the absolutive case is marked. Its primary writing system is a featural alphabet consisting of 14 basic symbols that form the basis of a total of 29-31 letters. It has no distinction of gender or noun classification, it has no articles, and there are only two noun numbers: singular and plural. It modifies and inflects nouns, adjectives, pronouns, numerals, and verbs depending on their role in the sentence. Its many noun cases are divided into 5 groups: morphosyntactic alignment/relation, location, motion to, motion from, and TAM (tense-aspect-mood). There is also a clear distinction between transitive and intransitive verbs, which affects the basic word order of a sentence.
The basic word order of Classical Dryadic is OVS when the verb is transitive, and SV when the verb is intransitive. Adjectives can go before or after the noun they modify; however, the former is most common. Possessive nouns follow the noun they possess, and numerals always precede the noun. It is primarily a head-final language.
- Writing System
- Basic Phrases
- Pronouns and Nouns
- Adjectival and Possessive Agreement
- Verbal and Nominal TAM Affixes 1
- Verbal and Nominal TAM Affixes 2
- Kliv- Words and Conjunctions
- Forming Relative Clauses
- Numbers and Counting
- Classical Dryadic Mathematics
- Mimetic Words and Double Meanings
- Slang and Idiomatic Phrases
- Literature and Translations
- Classical Dryadic Dictionary